Smart railways, which includes smart ticketing, e- catering, freight information systems, etc., are a reality. They help up efficiency of transport and bring about reduction in costs eventually by automating various processes and leveraging technology to improve services. Smart railways are built by deploying GSM-R systems, cloud computing, and data analytics.
A smart railway system bundles devices and components, solutions, and services, which automates and optimizes the usage of railway infrastructure to carry out advanced functions. With railways being one of the most preferred means of transport, smart railways are primed for good growth in the foreseeable future.
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Providing tailwinds to the global market for smart railways is the massive allocations by governments of different nations in upgrading and modernizing railways so as to simplify its management and make commuting seamless for the ever-increasing number of travelers.
Collaborations among different organizations are being formed to lay the groundwork of smart railways projects in nations across the globe. In China, for example, China Construction Bank Corp., Bank of China Ltd., and others have joined hands in a public-private partnership to invest a staggering US$28 bn in different smart railways projects.
Further, swift pace of urbanization and growth in population is also said to be stoking growth in the market for smart railways. Thrust on building smart cities by governments in various nations is proving beneficial to the market too.
However, the absence of proper IT infrastructure to facilitate smart railways, steep cost of deploying such advanced services, and complexities in integrating advanced solutions with the right analytical tools are dealing a blow to the market for smart railways.