Cyber attacks have been a matter of concern for businesses, governments, and international bodies. Post the Russian cyber assault that happened on Estonia in 2007, researchers and experts in the domain of cyber security are devising ways to mitigate cyber attacks that can have global consequences. Russia played a major role in the US presidential elections of 2016 by launching campaigns and marketing hacks for candidates. Hence, the dependence of the US state on the security of the Russian cyber network has created awakening to counter cyber attacks on the latter. However, government and non-government agencies continue to resort to malicious activities for their personal gains, and this poses a threat to the overall cyber security of US and Russia.
Defining the Problem
It is integral to convince the perpetrators that the benefits served by unethical and unregulated cyber activities are far lesser than the cost that goes into fixing the losses. Besides this, current day actors in the cyber security business follow the same ideas and precepts as were defined during the times of the cold war. This creates problems for the entire cyber network because the web environment today is different from what existed during the cold war.
The concepts of the cold war focused on either averting the deterrence by striking back at the cyber attack or by inhibiting the power of the attacker or adversary to take the first strike. Both these were approaches that fitted the times of the cold war when Russia and US had locked horns for power. However, these concepts barely fit the contemporary context for cyber activity.