The area of cognitive biometrics has made significant strides in the past decade. The design of reliable biometrics based on various behavioral and biological characteristics is constantly being researched upon. In recent years, there has been surge in interest among investigators focusing on physiological measures to study the viability of electrical activity of brain (EEG) and heart (ECG) as reliable inputs in cognitive systems. The developments in next-generation biometrics is based on exploring the potential of these in the design of multimodal systems, where the reliability of these signals as possible markers of biometric traits are being explored.
An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a diagnostic tool that analyses the activity of an individual’s heart. ECG combined with biometric solution is used for authentication purposes as every individual have different cardiac muscle movement and resultant electrical activity. The electroencephalogram (EEG) biometric technology is used to record and measure electrical activity of the brain which is also saved for authentication purposes.
The EEG and ECG biometrics help to identify the individuals on the basis of their behavioral traits. It forms an additional layer of security to access data since this kind of technology cannot be impersonated as of now. The global EEG and ECG biometrics market is expected to experience a fast growth rate during the forecast period from 2016 to 2025 due to its increasing adoption in the healthcare sector, government, banking and financial for securing confidential information of individual.
The global EEG and ECG biometrics market is expected to witness a progressive growth in the coming years due to rapid adoption of multimodal biometrics in industries such as insurance, banking, healthcare, airport and others. These multimodal biometrics require a combination of two or more biometrics that would help prevent unauthorized access to database of mobile devices or different databases.
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The EEG and ECG biometrics help in securing the online and offline applications and organizations are assured to get accurate results. For instance, EEG and ECG biometrics are used at various airports to restrict the entry at sensitive areas only to authorized personnel.