The differential splits the power or torque generated by engine to allow different wheels or axles move independently with different speeds. Differential form an imperative component of the vehicles without which vehicles would be difficult to maneuver. Differential assists the wheels to rotate at different rpm via speed reduction at pinion gear assembly, and provides better traction. Differential assemblies consists either of pinion gears, ring gears and spider gears, which are arranged in the form of sun and planetary gears. This specific arrangement entails in providing required speed to different wheels whilst turning.
Increase in demand for SUVs, crossovers, compact SUVs and premium cars across the globe is considered one of the major driving factors to bolster the market of differential market in forecast period. According to JATO dynamics by 2020, SUVs are expected to account for more than third of Europe’s new car sales. Growing inclination towards all wheel and four wheel drives integrated vehicles in Asian countries have increased the popularity of off-road vehicles and sports cars. These factors are likely to attribute to the overall market growth during the forecast period.
Increased disposable income and spending capacity of the public masses chiefly in the developing region on account of significant revenue opportunities have circuitously raised the demand for vehicles that are forming the critical necessity for commutation. However, high maintenance and repairing cost and electric vehicles with hub motors these factors are likely to hamper the growth of differential market in forecast period. The global differentials market for automotive is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 5% during 2017 – 2025.
Some of the prominent regions taken into analysis are inclusive of North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, among others. The regional analysis is done on the basis of the production trend, political reforms, regulation changes and society demand. Asia Pacific and Latin America has shown tremendous growth in automobile sector over the past few years because of emerging economic conditions, increasing population, increasing per capita income, easy availability of finance, decreasing car loan interest rates and degree of urbanization.
Crucial players in the differential market are expected to benefit from the formation of strategic alliances with global players in the differential market. The market is burgeoned with some of the key players that have strong global presence and firm establishments which are equally coupled with wide product portfolio. Prominent players in the differential market are ZF Friedrichshafen AG, Eaton, BorgWarner, Schaeffler, GKN PLC, JTEKT Corporation, DANA Limited, and Drexler Automotive GmbH, Neapco Inc. For expanding business globally companies are focusing on merger and acquisitions with the regional automotive differential manufacturers. BorgWarner is one of the major manufacturers and has expertise in manufacturing of front cross differential technology. Despite of holding a small share as compared to other major manufacturers BorgWarner holds a prominent position in the differential market for vehicles.